Kangaroo Island Narrow Leaf Mallee – Eucalyptus cneorifolia

Eucalyptus cneorifolia | Kangaroo Island Narrow-Leaf Mallee

The Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaf Mallee (Eucalyptus cneorifolia) is the variety of Eucalyptus tree that Emu Ridge sustainably grows and harvests for its famous Eucalyptus oil. Eucalyptus oil was Australia’s first true export overseas!

In the early 1900’s there were over 100 Eucalyptus stills on the island producing eucalyptus oil from the Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaf Mallee, making it the biggest export off of Kangaroo Island during that time. Today Emu Ridge is the only Eucalyptus oil Distillery in South Australia.

The Kangaroo Island Narrow-Leaf Mallee is native to Kangaroo Island. Bev and Larry Turner founders of the Emu Ridge Eucalyptus oil distillery in 1991 were lucky to have an honors student Adam Steer do a study on (Factors affecting oil yield, and genetic selection for the improved oil yield, in Eucalyptus cneorifolia growing on Kangaroo Island) After many years of research and through selective breeding Larry and Bev have endeavored to  collect seeds from the best oil-bearing, disease free and drought resistant plants. These seeds are then grown to seedlings and looked after at the Emu Ridge nursery. Sustainability of the species is the key to it’s future and also the reputation of the oil. Buying from local and small businesses like Emu Ridge is the best way to support the future of trees like the Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaf Mallee.

Description: A small mallee type to 16′ with cream flowers. This species is used primarily for essential oil extraction and is often cultivated for the attractive foliage. It is quick growing, suitable for windbreaks and erosion control, salt effected areas and does well on limestone type soils. It is a rare species from Kangaroo Island and has no closely related species. It is from the Myrtaceae family.

Culture: Sun, well drained acid or alkaline soil, sandy loam, low moisture requirement.

Uses: Shrub or small tree, essential oil production, ornamental, windbreaks, coastal area plantings, cut flowers, foliage and fruits.
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The Kangaroo Island Narrow leaf mallee trees are easily recognized by their erect stems,  narrow leaves, crowded fusiform buds and hemispherical fruit. They are often cultivated because of its attractive foliage. They are a fairly hardy plant, with only a few threats including inadequate recruitment and livestock grazing.

Like the name suggests, the leaf of the tree is narrow and long with beautiful dark olive green foliage and bright lime green new foliage. You can hold the older leaves up to the light and see the many eucalyptus oil cells throughout the leaf. However, the leaf does not have a fragrance unless you crush the precious oil cells.

The beautiful new growth from Spring is where all the good oil is, so our distilling time is seasonal. We only produce our oil at the end of Spring and throughout Summer. The difference in yield is huge from only 1% in the Winter to 4% in the Summer. For example, our distilling pot holds about 500kg of leaves per cook, which produces only 1 – 2 litres of eucalyptus oil in winter, but produces  5 – 10 litres of eucalyptus oil in the summer.

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Distribution and population only occurs in South Australia. Common on the eastern part of Kangaroo Island, and occurs in restricted pockets near Waitpinga on Fleurieu Peninsula. There has also been findings of this plant near coastal locations of southern Fleurieu Peninsula, between Deep Creek and Victor Harbour.

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The fruit of the tree is a small football shape, as shown in the picture below, with the red tops dropping off to welcome the white or cream fluffy flowers inside. We use the the leaves, fruit and flowers to decorate all kinds of different products in our retail shop, and also use them in our pot pourri.

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The picture below is of part of our plantation at Emu Ridge. Larry selectively bred the eucalyptus with the help of research working with the Waite Institute in Adelaide. He planted his trees in contour rows and harvests every second row so that the remaining row will protect the new growth from the Kangaroo Island weather. The trees are harvested to the ground and are re-harvested every one to two years. This keeps the tree as a hedge instead of growing into a taller tree.

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Below are the trees left to grow tall. The name “Mallee” means several slender stems. The tree ends up with a “canopy” of leaves up the top. Multi-stemmed or single-stemmed trees can grow up to 10 meters high, with the adult leaves alternating. The leaves are generally on petioles 5-10 mm long, sub-erect, glossy and an olive-green colour.

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Below is a famous strip of road on Kangaroo Island which travels through the “tunnel” of Narrow-Leaf Mallee trees…. we have a few of these beautiful cathedrals on the Island.

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Source – Matt White

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Source – Dean Wiles

Below are photos of the bark. The  bark is somewhat fibrous, greyish-brown to dark-grey, compact rough bark longitudinally fissured , being replaced  by a smooth greyish bark.

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Below is a photo which shows the many stems growing from the mallee stump.

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The Kangaroo Island Narrow Leaf Mallee (Eucalyptus cneorifolia) predominately covers the Eastern side of Kangaroo island as you can see in the below images.

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Artworks using the Kangaroo Island Narrow-Leaf Mallee – Eucalyptus cneorifolia

Below is some artwork I would like to share with you from 2 of my favourite and Kangaroo Islands most  accomplished and admired artists.  Janine Mackintosh and Scott Harshorne. Each has a unique take on nature, Janine with meticulously sewn assemblages of natural objects and Scott with his giant, sparse oils reminiscent of herbarium sheets.

Scott Hartshorne’s oversized branchlets of native Kangaroo Island trees are the perfect complement to the detail of Janine’s assemblages. They strip down the tree to its essence and present it boldly and powerfully.

Dry Branch_Scott Hartshorne

Dry Branch: A Study In Complexity Eucalyptus cneorifolia, Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaf Mallee.

Visit Scott’s Facebook and Webpage

Janine’s assemblages present in mesmerising detail the natural world of Kangaroo Island and in particular her own Heritage listed property. Her art is a message to save what we have left of the complexity of biodiversity.

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INDUSTRY- Artist Janine Mackinosh Yacca (Xanthorrhoea semiplana ssp. tateana) gum, Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaved Mallee (Eucalyptus cneorifolia) leaves, metal farm disc, linen thread and bookbinder’s gum on canvas by

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LAMENTATION – Artist Janine Mackintosh Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaved Mallee (Eucalyptus cneorifolia) leaves from a drowning tree, linen thread and bookbinder’s gum on canvas

Visit Janine’s Facebook and Webpage

Eucalyptus Oil

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Emu Ridge Eucalyptus Oil Produced on Kangaroo Island South Australia

Bev and Larry have been producing Eucalyptus Oil from the Kangaroo Island Narrow-Leaf Mallee since 1991. Emu Ridge Eucalyptus Distillery is an important part of Kangaroo Island’s Tourism industry, adding to the variety of Kangaroo Islands produce and preserving important history.

For more information on Emu Ridge’s history, please click on the blog links below:
History
Kangaroo Island History – Emu Ridge
Emu Ridge – The last South Australian Eucalyptus Oil Distillery!

Their shop on Kangaroo Island is the main outlet for their Eucalyptus Oil. Their online shop is also largely used by our supporting customers, from all over the globe!

#essentialoil #eucalyptusoil #pure #australian


 

References:

These pictures were taken from our very own trees here at Emu Ridge to illustrate the unique species.

Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eucalyptus_cneorifolia

Australian Government Department of the Environment – http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/ab8e9576-38e6-4dc7-9b36-becca5028f42/files/kangaroo-island-mallee-woodlands.pdf

Department for Enviroment and Heritage – file:///C:/Users/Emu%20Ridge%20Office/Downloads/pa-fact-pafacteucalyptuscneorifolia.pdf

Biodiversity Heritage Library – http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19423960#page/315/mode/1up

Kangaroo Island Eucalyptus Hand Cream Special!

SUPER SALE at Emu Ridge just in time for Christmas. The 50ml Hand & Nail cream normally $12.95 and its only $7.00 Sale finishes on the 20/12/18. Makes the perfect gift or just for yourself!

This 50ml luxurious Kangaroo Island Wild Bushland Eucalyptus Hand and Nail Cream is great for having with you every day and slipping into your handbag it also makes a lovely Australian gift.

Double distilled in one of Australia’s oldest Eucalypt distilleries, the Eucalyptus oil has been infused with fragrance to produce a sensual range of modern Australian made body care products.

Chilled by fresh, crisp breezes from the Antarctic, Kangaroo Island is a sanctuary of pristine Eucalypts protected from introduced European infestations.

The Hand & Nail Creme is 50ml with Organic Sweet Almond Oil. It is a soft, decadent creme with macadamia, sweet almond and jojoba oil to leave your hands feeling silky smooth.

The cream has been made in Australia by Maine Beach using our Emu Ridge Eucalyptus oil. They specialise in Australian body care with fresh fragrances, with key organic ingredients.

Made with no parabens, sulphates, artificial colours or petrochemicals.

CLICK HERE TO SHOP NOW!

Emu Ridge XMAS SALE 2018 10% OFF!

As a thankyou to our customers for supporting our family owned business we would like to offer all our wonderful customers 10% off all our products*.

Just use the coupon code xmas18 on the cart page before 12/12/18.

We wish everyone a safe and happy festive season and wonderful 2019! Remember to subscribe to our quarterly newsletter to keep up to date with what’s happening at Emu Ridge and also to hear about any specials we may have.

Click here to shop now and don’t forget to use the coupon code xmas18.

We offer unique Australian made gifts for that special someone. We can also expertly tailor a gift to suit your  individual requirements,  full of excellent local produce. We provide customised Christmas or Corporate gifts as well. So if you have a special occasion for someone coming up and would like a gift basket and are not sure what to choose, we are here to help you with heaps of gift ideas. If you would like something delivered on Kangaroo Island we are happy to hand deliver your voucher or gift if it is within the Kingscote area. Otherwise we can arrange delivery for you at a small cost. All other orders are delivered by Australia Post.

Cheers from Larry, Bev and our great team at Emu Ridge.

*excluding sale items

DIY Reed Diffuser Refills

A common question, I have an empty diffuser bottle and sticks and it’s to nice to throw away? Can I make my own refill when my Diffuser runs out?

 So here are a couple of easy options for you!

How To Make Homemade Reed Diffusers
This is a great way to disperse Emu Ridge essential oils around your home.

A glass or ceramic container with a narrow opening at the top.
Essential oils of your choice Emu Ridge Eucalyptus and Lemon Mrytle work great together.

To keep it natural use a thin lite oil like Sweet Almond or Safflower Oil. You can also use either Vodka and water or rubbing alcohol, Reeds or bamboo skewers. You can find replacement reeds online pretty inexpensively, but if you have bamboo skewers in the kitchen or craft room, just trim off the pointy ends before use.

Below are 3 recipes you can use to make your own naturally without those nasty chemicals. Number one is the easiest!

1. If you’re using an oil base, you will want to use 30% essential oil to 70% base oil. You can experiment with the percentages to see what works best for you. If you find that the oil is not getting drawn up the reeds  at the speed at you would like then try adding in a little vodka to help.

2. If you’re using the vodka or rubbing alcohol and water mixture, you will want to add approximately 12 drops of essential oils with 1/4 cup of water then add about 2 tablespoons of vodka or rubbing Alcohol this makes it water soluble.

3. Pour the mixture into your bottle and place one end of the reeds or skewers into the solution, allowing it to saturate the reeds. Then take them out, and place the opposite ends into the bottle. You will want to rotate which ends are in the scent solution about once a week.

HINT: The rattan reeds work much better than bamboo skewers as they have hollow channels through them which  help to wick the oil up them and disperse the scent.

Have fun!

We also have the option of purchasing this gorgeous Reed Diffuser

We sell this refreshing  fragranced Reed Diffuser by Maine Beach. It is infused with native lemon myrtle, wild orange, eucalyptus & jasmine. Click here to order

How to rid your dogs of Fleas and Ticks, and it works for us too! 100% Australian Eucalyptus Oil

Flea and Tick repellent for your pets:

One of the most common problems your pets may be dealing with is annoying fleas and other parasites. They can cause great discomfort for your pets as well as health problems such as skin irritations, allergies, anaemia and even death if not treated.

Chemical treatments may get rid of fleas, but they can also cause side effects such as breathing problems, tremors, vomiting, skin irritations and permanent nerve damage. Using natural remedies such as Emu Ridge eucalyptus oil is a safe alternative to chemicals, as well as keeping your pet’s coat healthy and vibrant, because the fleas and other insects hate the smell of eucalyptus oil. You may need to apply the oil more often than you would chemical formulas, but it will effectively and safely repel fleas without hurting your pet.

What To Do:

  1. Begin by shampooing your pet. Mix 5 drops of eucalyptus oil into approximately 250 ml of a natural, no-tear pet shampoo. Use an eyedropper to measure the oil and mix well.

  2. Start the bath water to get it to a good warm temperature. Place a cotton ball into each ear of your pet to avoid water and soap getting in, and then wet your pet’s coat thoroughly and completely.

  3. Bathe your pet as you normally would with the eucalyptus shampoo, creating a nice rich lather from head to toe. Be careful not to get shampoo in the eyes. Rinse your pet and repeat with the eucalyptus shampoo. This time, rinse extremely well.

  4. Towel-dry your pet from excess water and follow with a thorough blow-drying.

For added protection after and between baths, you can make a repellent:

1 cup of water, 2 cups of distilled white vinegar, 2 teaspoons of vegetable or almond oil and 3 drops of eucalyptus oil  then put the mixture into a spray bottle. Mist your pet lightly with the mixture every so often and let it air-dry. You can also mix in a few spoonfuls of lemon juice, which will repel ticks and fleas.

HINT- This deterrent also works for flies and other insects as well. Spray onto the pet’s dry coat, staying away from sensitive areas including eyes, nose, mouth, and genitals. When outdoors for an extended period, spray this solution on 2-3 times per day. Don’t add the eucalyptus oil for cats, it is great for horses, dogs, goats etc. This recipe below is tried and tested to.

You can also use a cotton wool ball soaked in Eucalyptus oil and gently dab behind your pet’s ears, along their back and under there arms, and then groom, this is a great deterrent.

Keeping your carpets parasite free. Make a simple flea repellent carpet powder by mixing 1 cup of cornstarch with 15 drops of eucalyptus oil and dust this powder all over the carpets, leave for 15 minutes and then vacuum. A parasite free home  will help your dogs be safe from further reinfection of fleas.

Eucalyptus oil can also be rubbed into your pet’s collar to work as a natural flea collar. Below is a great recipe to deter fleas with this natural flea collar. Reapply approx every 2 weeks.

The eucalyptus oil has been proven effective in most cases, but you may have to alter the recipe to find the best solution to meet your pet’s particular needs.

DETERRENT FOR BEDDING & THE HOME: Use a eucalyptus or tea tree dilution in watering can to wash floors, soak pet’s kennel and favourite sleeping patches on sand or paving or doormats etc.

Rinse all bedding after washing with strong dilution of eucalyptus or tea tree oil (with a dash of vinegar to

mix the oils into the water) and dry without rinsing. Repeat at least monthly.

Remember to vacuum carpets well and frequently. The flea life cycle is about a month in the summer, so keep up intensive treatment for at least a month.

Eucalyptus oil is also handy for your dog in other areas to:

  • Skin therapy: It can be useful to help soothe skin after insect bites, stings, and skin rashes.

  • Antiseptic qualities: Its disinfectant properties can be useful for skin problems and also when cleaning bedding. Add a few drops of oil in the wash works wonders.

  • Antiviral and anti-inflammatory.

  • Works as an expectorant.

  • Respiratory therapy: Good for relief of chest congestion.  Its inhalant properties help to combat respiratory problems such as sinus infections and bronchitis.

  • Fragrance: Eucalyptus can also be very effective against pet odor.

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Repellent of ticks for you and your family:

Ticks are terrible as these creatures can be as lethal as a venomous snake in the wrong scenario! If your camping, hiking and getting outside to play, then don’t let these pesky parasites stop you. Here’s how to make a simple and home-made repellent!

FOR YOU & YOUR FAMILY:

In a spray bottle mix 2 cups of distilled white vinegar (you can also use apple cider as it doesn’t smell as strong), 1 cup of water and 20 drops of Eucalyptus oil (Eucalyptus oil is a calm, soothing scent that also works as a tick repellent).
After mixing the solution, spray onto clothing, skin and hair before going outdoors. Re-apply every four hours to keep ticks at bay, and examine your skin and hair when back inside to make sure no ticks are on the body.

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You can order Emu Ridge Eucalyptus oil right here – we can post Eucalyptus Oil nation-wide within Australia.

Did you know Arthritis/Joint pain

Eucalyptus Oil soothes and penetrates the skin to bring quick relief to inflammation sufferers.Eucalyptus Oil relieves pain in joint and muscles pain, it can help arthritis, chronic pain, injuries and rheumatism.  Very effective on both dogs and humans, but should not be used on cats. This essential oil increases circulation and dilates blood vessels, bringing a feeling of warmth to the area where applied and encouraging healing with improved oxygenation of the blood. Mix it with Emu Oil and you will find amazing results. This link with take you do all the amazing uses for Emu Oil and how to use it. It can be used exactly the same as its used for human use its moisturising, great for itchy dry skin and eases pain. It can also be taken orally. This is another pure natural Australian product, I swear by!

Risks of Using Eucalyptus Oil on Your Dog

  • Only use 100% pure, not all oils are equal!

  • Be aware of the label, its the same rules for dogs as it is for us. Dogs are more sensitive. Keep essential oils out of their reach, and when applying essential oils avoid the mouth region, eyes and mucus membranes.

  • Its advisable to be careful using eucalyptus oil or any essential oil undiluted for your pet. In its pure form it can burn sensitive areas the same as people.

  • Do not use eucalyptus oil for cats the same as you would for dogs, cats LICK their fur so it can get straight into their digestive systems and cause toxicity.

  •  Introduce any oils slowly, and always be sure to monitor your pet’s behavior and symptoms for any signs of distress or discomfort.

  • Remember smaller dogs need alot less than a larger dog.

We have used it on all of our dogs over the past 26 years, it has been very successful and our dogs never had any side effects.

~Bev~

10% OFF* – Mothers Day Coupon Code – gifts made easy from Emu Ridge!

Have you got mum a gift yet?

At Emu Ridge we are making making it easy for you to find your mum the perfect gift this Mother’s Day thanks to our wide range of gift ideas online. You’re sure to find something that will make your mum smile.

Below are some of our favourites, but please feel free to browse the complete online shop here.

We are offering an online only promotion of 10% off the cart price for any order over $25.00.

Use the coupon code mum10 upon checkout.

*note: the online promotion ends 8 April 2016 and excludes discounts on shipping and the sale of gift vouchers.

Emu Ridge is a family owned business on Kangaroo Island in South Australia. Founded in 1991 we are proud to Manufacture and Retail many wonderful Australian produced natural products and to have saved our history and heritage!

Filming new DVD on Kangaroo island for Emu Ridge

Exciting times! It’s time to update our DVD. Gary Bell from KI Digicam filmed today, so very soon we will be able to show you an updated Video. Gary produced our last video 15 years ago. We have Deon Johnson back working with Larry, and it’s been great to get old employees back. Deon worked with us 13 years ago and is enjoying it being easier work than back then.

The others in the pics from right to left are Gary film producer, Mark Tydeman who has been bottling our oils for 5 years now, and at the moment its all still bottled and labelled by hand. Larry and Deon are on the left.

Deon lighting the fire for the camera!

Deon lighting the fire for the camera!

Here is  our original DVD

Eucalyptus Oil harvest and production at Emu Ridge

Eucalyptus Oil harvest and production at Emu Ridge

We are very excited to announce that the new harvest and oil production at Emu Ridge has begun! For the past 24 years its been harvested by hand with a chainsaw, the process is so much faster now. It takes 1 man 10 minutes in the harvester to gather crop, whereas it used to take 2 men 2 hours! It definitely makes Larry’s life easier, which is great for all of us at Emu Ridge.

We produce a Eucalyptus oil that is unique to the world. The leaves that we use to make our oil from is called the Kangaroo Island Narrow Leaf Mallee or Eucalyptus cneorifolia. It grows predominantly on the eastern side of the island. There are over 1000 species of Eucalypts, among those, there are only around 10 which have enough oil in the leaf to be of commercial value, ours is one of the top three and you will only find it on Kangaroo Island.

Emu Ridge is a unique attraction where you can find out how a traditional Aussie bush product is made. They will show you the past and present process of eucalyptus oil distilling. Eucalyptus oil was Australia’s first true export overseas and one of Kangaroo Island’s major industries that employed more than 600 people in the 1930s. Emu Ridge is now the only remaining commercial eucalyptus oil distillery in South Australia, and is proud to have preserved a major part of KI’s heritage and produce a eucalyptus oil that is unique to the world.

The Process…

Harvesting

1. The bushes are grown in rows and every second row is harvested each year.

The harvester has been revamped to suit Larry’s needs as you cannot buy something that is specifically made for what we do. There isn’t many of us around! The pots and still have all been made by Larry! Really the whole premises has been built by Larry and staff! Here’s a link to more harvest photo’s from our talented Workaway volunteer Marcus!

Mechanical Harvester

2. The harvester blades, have been adapted to cut the bushes more efficiently.

Filling the steel pots

3. The galvanized pots are then filled up to the top and taken back to the still.

The Still

4. The fire is then lit using timber from the property and the stainless steel pot is filled with water  the lids is sealed and clamped into place like a pressure cooker.

Raw Oil

5. This is the raw oil being collected from the first distillation, to be distilled again to give a clear, pure oil.

Leaf before and after

6. The leaf before and after distillation. The end product is used to light the fire and also used as mulch back on the plantations.

Our oil then goes through a second process to remove any impurities and bring it up to standard. The pot is cleaned out and the raw oil and water go into the pot and its distilled a second time. Then its ready to be bottled and sold.

Bottling the oil

7. The oil is then bottled by hand.

Labels

8. The oil is also labelled by hand and stored in the workshop ready to be sold or bought back to the shop.

Oil in the shop

9. The finished product!

 

Below is a video of the harvester in action, enjoy!

 

We are very proud to make a product from start to finish completely on the Emu Ridge property, and we hope you enjoyed seeing the process!

If you would like to order our Eucalyptus Oil, please click here.

This video is how it was made when harvested with the chainsaw. We hope to have a new video to show everyone very soon.

Foot and Shoe Odor

Smelly Stinky Shoes be gone!

The smell of stinky shoes can be overwhelming and make you want to throw them away. Heres a few great tips to remove and prevent the odors for someone with stinky shoes!

Just pop in some Tea Bags!

To make the teabags even more efficient add a few drops of Tea Tree or Eucalyptus oil, you can also wipe the insides of your shoes on a regular basis to kill the bacteria that causes the odour.

Here’s another tip, its an old wives tale but apparently it works. Stuff the shoes with newspaper. That’s right. Newspaper! Leave over night and your shoes should be “stink-free” come morning!

Baking soda is also awesome. Stuff some old cotton socks with stuffing, add some baking soda its great for absorbing odors, seal with a rubber band or stitch the top closed. Ive heard kitty litter can be used the same way. Just leave these socks in your shoes when your not wearing them.

Dryer sheets with a few drops of Eucalyptus oil will absorb the odors. Tear them in half and leave in your shoes when you not wearing them.

If you can, wash them, pop them  in the washing machine add a teaspoon of Eucalyptus Oil with normal washing detergent and then dry them completely. From then on use the above tips and they will never stink again!!

Cheers, Bev

Proprietor of Emu Ridge

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